Alpha 2-Antiplasmin Deficiency


1.         Aoki N, Saito H, Kamiya T, Koie K, Sakata Y, Kobakura M. Congenital deficiency of α2-plasmin inhibitor associated with severe hemorrhagic tendency. J Clin Invest 1979; 63:877-84.

2.         Mutch N, Thomas L, Moore N, Lisiak K, Booth N. TAFIa, PAI-1 and a2-antiplasmin: complementary roles in regulating lysis of thrombi and plasma clots. Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis: JTH 2007; 5: 812-7.

3.         Hirosawa S, Nakamura Y, Miura O, Sumi Y, Aokin N. Organization of the human alpha 1-plasmin inhibitor gene. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1988;85:6836-40.

4.         Abdul S, Leebeek FWG, Rijken DC, Uitte de Willige S. Natural heterogeneity of α2-antiplasmin: functional and clinical consequences. Blood 2016; 127: 538-545.

5.         Carpenter S, Mathew P. Alpha 2-antiplasmin and its deficiency: fibrinolysis out of balance. Haemophilia: the official journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia 2008; 14:1250-4.

6.       Fraser SR, Booth NA, Mutch NJ. The antifibrinolytic function of factor XIII is exclusively expressed through a2-antiplasmin cross-linking. Blood 2011; 117: 6371-6374.

7.         Favier R, Aoki N, de Moerloose P. Congenital α2-plasmin inhibitor deficiencies: a review. Br J Haematol 2001; 114: 4-10.

8.         Kozyreva O, Bleibel S. Alpha2-Plasmin Inhibitor Deficiency. Available at http://emedicinemedscapecom/article/198336-overview#showall: WebMD; 2012.

9.        Hanss M, Farcis M, French P, de Mazancourt P, Dechavanne M. A splicing donor site point mutation in intron 6 of the plasmin inhibitor (alpha 2 antiplasmin) gene with heterozygous deficiency and a bleeding tendency. Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis 2003; 14:107-11.

10.         Maino A, Garagiola I, Artoni A, Al-Humood S, Peyvandi F. A novel mutation of alpha 2-plasmin inhibitor gene causes an inherited deficiency and a bleeding tendency. Haemophilia 2008; 14:166-9.

11.      Ikematsu S, Fukutake K, Aoki N. Heterozygote for plasmin inhibitor deficiency developing hemorrhagic tendency with advancing age Thromb Res 1996;82:129-36

12.  Dawley B. Alpha II antiplasmin deficiency complicating pregnancy: a case report. Obst Gynecol Int 2011; doi: 10.1155/2011/698648.

13.      Juhan-Vague I, Alessi M, Declerck P. Pathophysiology of fibrinolysis. Ballieres Clin Haem 1995; 8:329-43.

14.   Miyauchi Y, Mii Y, Aoki M, Tamai S, Takahashi Y, A Y. Operative treatment of intramedullary hematoma associated with congenital deficiency of α2-plasmin inhibitor: a report of three cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1996; 78:1409-14.